The foremost issue of any child custody case is the which type of conservatorship is in the best interest of the child/children. That being said, there are two types of conservatorship: Joint Managing Conservatorship and Sole Managing Conservatorship.
If the Court appoints the separating parents as Joint Managing Conservators, it will allocate certain rights and responsibilities between the parents, which means sharing all rights with regard to decisions dealing with the children’s health, education, upbringing and general welfare. One parent will be designated as the primary, meaning this parent is the primary residence of the child. In some cases, a geographic area will be mandated to facilitate and ensure systematic contact with both parents.
The more extreme alternative to a Joint Managing Conservatorship is a Sole Managing conservatorship. In Texas, this involves the appointment of one parent as the party having custody and the other parent having visitation rights. Though the Court will still delegate rights, typically the sole managing conservator will be responsible for making virtually all the decisions regarding the children’s physical and mental health, education, religious and moral upbringing to the exclusion of the Possessory Conservator. This limits the rights of the other parent, to include visitation rights.